Celebrating
E. D. Winstead's
96th Birthday!

 

Alexander Winstead was E. D. Winstead's great grandfather.   Alexander Winstead was born June 12, 1831 in Nash County, North Carolina to Dempsey Winstead and wife Catherine Vick. 

Alexander enlisted April 27, 1862 in Nash County, North Carolina where he joined Company D, 47th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (State Troops) (and became a corporal).  He participated in "Pickett's Charge" in Pettigrew's Brigade at the battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.  (Alexander's brother Burton was with him in the same regiment in Pickett's Charge.  A second brother William was very close in reserve in the 4th NC Regiment Infantry in Ramseur's Brigade.  A third brother Kinsey was in JEB Stuart's cavalry, and Kinsey's regiment also took part in the battle at Gettysburg, arriving at Gettysburg about sunset of July 2, 1863, according to a 1901 article by a member of the regiment.  Kinsey was the First Lieutenant of Company E of the 19th NC Troops (2nd NC Cavalry).   All four brothers were prisoners of war at some time, e.g., Burton was captured on the retreat from Gettysburg and exchanged the following month.  A fifth brother James was the youngest and enlisted two weeks after Gettysburg.)  A great grandfather of E. D. Winstead's wife Jo was also at Gettysburg.  Lawson Campbell was a member of Kinsey Winstead's company and was captured at Gettysburg on the same day as Pickett's Charge on July 3, 1863.) 

Alexander was wounded and captured at Bristoe Station, Virginia October 14, 1863.  He was paroled at Point Lookout, Maryland and sent to City Point, Virginia April 27, 1864 for exchange.  He was captured again at Southerland Station, April 2, 1865 and released at Hart's Island, New York Harbor on June 19, 1865. 

Alexander lived on a farm in Nash County, then moved to the town of Toisnot about 1875 where he was a carpenter and built houses.  In 1881 he was a town Commissioner.  He died in 1905 in Nash County, North Carolina

Additional Notes:

What happened to the five brothers who fought in the Civil War?  One of the five brothers was killed during the war, and the dates of death for the others were between 1881 (Kinsey, buried behind Parkwood Mall in Wilson, NC) and 1914 (James).  Alexander and his brother Burton enlisted on the same day, both were in the same company in Pickett's Charge, and both survived Gettysburg. (Burton was captured eleven days after the battle but was exchanged.) However, Burton "was killed" (according to the official records) in battle a little over a year later.  Burton died October 27, 1864 as a result of the Battle of Reams' Station (Petersburg and Weldon Railroad) two days earlier during the Siege of Petersburg, VA.  A note dated December 10, 1864 in his official record says more information about Burton is available in the Adjutant's and Inspector General's Office.  Further checking shows him listed on the "Confederate Roll of Honor" distributed by the adjutant's office December 10th.  As indicated below this was a list of the men awarded the CSA version of the Congressional Medal of Honor.  See a copy of the CSA congressional orders below and note that the enlisted man's "badge of distinction" is determined by a vote of his comrades for a particular battle as established by congress.  The honor was awarded to Burton Winstead specifically for the Battle of Reams' Station, and the widow should have received the badge according to the regulations.  (Burton enlisted when he was 32 years old and had six children before the war.)  

Lawson Campbell was also at Gettysburg, and although no date of death is known, he was in the 1870 census at Black Creek, NC, the birthplace of E. D. Winstead's wife Jo.


Confederate Roll of Honor      

GENERAL ORDERS No. 93.  

ADJT. AND INSPECTOR GENERAL'S OFFICE,
  Richmond, Va., November 22, 1862.      

I. The following acts of Congress, having been approved by the President, are published   for the information of the Army:  

No. 27.--AN ACT to authorize the grant of medal's and   badges of distinction as a reward for courage and good conduct on the field of battle.        

The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That the President be, and he is hereby, authorized to bestow medals, with proper devices, upon such officers of the armies of the Confederate States as shall be conspicuous for courage and good conduct on the field of battle, and also to confer a badge of distinction upon one private or non-commissioned officer of each company after every signal victory it shall have assisted to achieve. The non-commissioned officers and privates of the company who may be present on the first dress-parade thereafter may choose, by a majority of their votes, the soldier best entitled to receive such distinction, whose name shall be communicated to the President by commanding officers of the company; and if the award fall upon a deceased soldier the badge thus awarded him shall be delivered to his widow, or, if there be no widow, to any relation the President may adjudge entitled to receive it.    

Approved October 13, 1862.

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Dr. Ray L. Winstead
Direct e-mail Link: RWinstea@iup.edu